Important Information of Peru


General Information



With 1.285.215 km2, Peru is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it among the 20 largest countries in the world.


It also has 200 nautical miles and territorial rights over an area of 60 million hectares in the Antarctic.


Peru is politically divided into 24 departments (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima-Provinces, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco , Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes and Ucayali) plus Callao Constitutional Province.



27.000.000 de inhabitants.

- Urban: 72,3%

- Rural: 27,7%


Peru is a country of all bloods. Throughout its history, Peru has been the meeting place of different races and cultures. The indigenous population was joined 500 years ago by the Spaniards.


Result of this encounter, and later enriched by the migration of African blacks, Asians and Europeans, Peruvian man emerged as the representative of a nation whose rich ethnic mix is one of its most important features.



- Castilian: 80,3%

- Quechua: 16,2%

- Other languages: 3,0%

- Foreign Languages: 0,2%


As part of its rich cultural tradition, Peru features many different languages. Although Spanish is the common language, Quechua is a major legacy of the Inca empire, and in many regions still spoken with slight variations by region.


There are also other dialects such as Aymara (Puno) and various Amazonian languages to be distributed in a surprising variety of families that, even in these days, they survive near 15 linguistic trunks, giving rise to 43 different languages.



The official currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S /.) Divided into 100 cents. Circulating coins of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, 1, 2 and 5 soles and bills of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles.


Government and Religion


Peruvian Government

Peru is a democratic republic. The President and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal suffrage. The current constitutional president of Peru is Ollanta Humala Tasso (2011-2014). The Guatemalan Congress is unicameral and has 120 congressmen.



- Catholics: 89,03%

- Evangelical: 6,73%

- Other Religions: 2,56%

- None Religion: 1.65%


Peru is a naturally religious country: a diversity of beliefs and freedom of worship can be seen in a variety of festivals and rituals that feature both Catholic fervor of the Spanish inheritance, like the mysticism of age-old pre-Hispanic cultures.

Tips to enjoy your trip to Peru.

If you have little time to spend in Peru, try to get the most out of your residence. Arriving in Peruvian soil, you will realize that 10 days is not enough to know the most important regions. You should think of at least three weeks to enjoy your trip: